Periodontal (Gum) Disease
Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the gums that destroys the underlying structures that help hold your teeth in your mouth. This infection occurs deeper down in the gums. The gums, ligaments, and bone around the teeth form the foundation for ones teeth and are referred to as the periodontium. You have plaque, a whitish, sticky film on the teeth that mineralizes and hardens to form tartar. As plaque and tartar accumulates, it harbors bacteria that attack the soft tissue around the gums. Periodontitus ultimately destroys the tissue surrounding your teeth and the bone that holds your teeth in place. The disease advances silently, often without pain, and before you know it, you are losing your teeth and you don't know why.
Signs of unhealthy periodontium (gum disease) may be as follows: gums that are red and bleed easily, persistent bad breath, gums that are pulled away from the tooth, loose teeth, and changes in the position or bite of the teeth. Any of these signs may mean something is wrong. With the proper care, however, it may be possible to prevent more destruction to the underlying structures of your teeth. Tooth loss is only the most obvious indicator of gum disease. Scientific research has discovered linkage between gum disease and stroke, heart disease, diabetes - even an increased risk for pregnant women. When your gums become diseased, your entire immune system is weakened.
In the past, fear of painful dental surgery has kept people with gum disease from seeking the care they needed. Well, those days are gone forever. We now offer non-surgical gum treatments.
Non-Surgical Gum Treatments
The treatment usually involves a deep cleaning or scaling with root planing done under a local anesthetic. An antibiotic and/or mouth rinse may be prescribed if needed. The key to preventing the gum disease infection from getting worse and loosing more bone around your teeth is to come in every 3 months for a periodontal maintenance cleaning along with regular dental care. If the gum disease gets too severe it may need to be treated through surgery or extraction. This is why it is important to get it treated at the first sign of a problem.